Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2019, Page: 74-83
Analysis and Optimization of Automated Power Distribution Within Nigeria
Godswill Ofualagba, Engineering Department, Racett Nigeria Ltd., Abuja, Nigeria
O’tega Ejofodomi, Engineering Department, Racett Nigeria Ltd., Abuja, Nigeria
Received: Oct. 3, 2019;       Accepted: Oct. 21, 2019;       Published: Jan. 6, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajme.20190505.11      View  437      Downloads  114
Abstract
Nigeria currently generates approximately 81,122 MWH (or 3,380 MWH/H) of electricity for national consumption, which is far less than the daily electricity demand of the country, leading to a need for allotted power distribution within the country. A power optimization software owned and patented by RACETT NIGERIA LTD. was used to perform automated distribution of electricity from the National Grid for October 1, 2019. The software automatically calculated and deducted the power transmission loss in transporting the electricity from the generating stations to the distribution companies by the Transmission Company of Nigeria (TCN). The total power available for distribution was automatically shared to 11 distribution companies based on the established electricity grid percentage allocation. After deducting the distribution losses for each distribution companies, the remaining electricity was distributed among constituent states, and the hours of electricity supplied to each state selected, with priority given to the peak demand period of 8:00 p.m. -11: 00 p.m. The distribution results show that Nigeria is currently able to provide 4 hours of electricity across the nation from 8:00 p.m. - 12:00 a.m. Eight (8) states received electricity for only 4 hours of the day, while some states like Lagos State received as much as 24 hours. The percentage grid allocation to the distribution companies needs to be revised to improve even distribution of electricity across the nation, and transmission and distribution losses need to be drastically reduced. Further analysis revealed that Nigeria presently needs to generate 240,000 MWH (or 19, 583 MWH/H) of electricity in order to provide 24 hours of electricity to every state across the nation. Future work includes power generation analysis to investigate the effect of new generating stations on each electricity distribution region in Nigeria.
Keywords
Power Distribution, Electricity Supply, Nigeria, Electric Power
To cite this article
Godswill Ofualagba, O’tega Ejofodomi, Analysis and Optimization of Automated Power Distribution Within Nigeria, American Journal of Modern Energy. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2019, pp. 74-83. doi: 10.11648/j.ajme.20190505.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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