Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2019, Page: 74-83
Analysis and Optimization of Automated Power Distribution Within Nigeria
Godswill Ofualagba, Engineering Department, Racett Nigeria Ltd., Abuja, Nigeria
O’tega Ejofodomi, Engineering Department, Racett Nigeria Ltd., Abuja, Nigeria
Received: Oct. 3, 2019;       Accepted: Oct. 21, 2019;       Published: Jan. 6, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajme.20190505.11      View  437      Downloads  114
Nigeria currently generates approximately 81,122 MWH (or 3,380 MWH/H) of electricity for national consumption, which is far less than the daily electricity demand of the country, leading to a need for allotted power distribution within the country. A power optimization software owned and patented by RACETT NIGERIA LTD. was used to perform automated distribution of electricity from the National Grid for October 1, 2019. The software automatically calculated and deducted the power transmission loss in transporting the electricity from the generating stations to the distribution companies by the Transmission Company of Nigeria (TCN). The total power available for distribution was automatically shared to 11 distribution companies based on the established electricity grid percentage allocation. After deducting the distribution losses for each distribution companies, the remaining electricity was distributed among constituent states, and the hours of electricity supplied to each state selected, with priority given to the peak demand period of 8:00 p.m. -11: 00 p.m. The distribution results show that Nigeria is currently able to provide 4 hours of electricity across the nation from 8:00 p.m. - 12:00 a.m. Eight (8) states received electricity for only 4 hours of the day, while some states like Lagos State received as much as 24 hours. The percentage grid allocation to the distribution companies needs to be revised to improve even distribution of electricity across the nation, and transmission and distribution losses need to be drastically reduced. Further analysis revealed that Nigeria presently needs to generate 240,000 MWH (or 19, 583 MWH/H) of electricity in order to provide 24 hours of electricity to every state across the nation. Future work includes power generation analysis to investigate the effect of new generating stations on each electricity distribution region in Nigeria.
Power Distribution, Electricity Supply, Nigeria, Electric Power
To cite this article
Godswill Ofualagba, O’tega Ejofodomi, Analysis and Optimization of Automated Power Distribution Within Nigeria, American Journal of Modern Energy. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2019, pp. 74-83. doi: 10.11648/j.ajme.20190505.11
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
NESISTATS (2018). Nigeria Power Baseline Report, 2018. http://mypower.ng/downloads/baseline-report/ Accessed October 1, 2019.
Abubakar Sambo, Ismalla Hallru Zarma, Babayo Garba, Mohammed Musa Gaji. Electricity Generation and the Present Challenges in the Nigerian Power Sector, J. Energy Power Eng., Vol. 6, pp. 1-17, 2010.
Ebele S. Nwokoye, Stephen K. Dimnwobi, Chukwunonso S. Ekesiobi, Casmir C. Obegolu. Power Infrastructure and Electricity in Nigeria: Policy Considerations for Economic Welfare, KIU Journal of Humanities 2415-0843; 2 (1): 5–17, 2017.
Olatunji Obafemi, Akinlabi Stephen, Oluseyi Ajayi, Abioye Abiodun, Ishola Felix, Peter Mashinini and Madushele Nkosinathi. Electric Power Crisis in Nigeria: A Strategic Call for Change of Focus to Renewable Sources, IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 413 012053, pp. 1-17, 2018. doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/413/1/012053.
National Bureau of Statistics (2018). Demographics Statistics Bulletin, 2017.
Transmission Expansion Plan Development of Power System Master Plan for the Transmission Company of Nigeria Final Report, 2017. www.tcnpmu.ng, Accessed October 1, 2019.
Ganiyu Adedayo Ajenikoko, Adebayo Wasiu Eboda, Oluwatomi Adigun, Ahmed Olayinka, Sulaimon Oladimeji, Lukman Adelowo. Analysis of Power Sector Performance: Nigeria As a Case Study. Mathematical Theory and Modeling, Vol. 8, No. 8, 2018.
A. C. Ohajianya, O. E. Abumere, I. O. Owate, E. Osarolube. Erratic Power Supply in Nigeria: Causes and Solutions. International Journal of Engineering Science Invention, Vol. 3, Issue 7, pp. 51-55, 2014.
V. K. Abanihi, S. O. Ikheloa, F. Okodede. Overview Of the Nigerian Power Sector. American Journal of Engineering Research, Vol. 7, Issue 5, pp. 253-263, 2018.
Adebayo O. Adedeji. Privatisation and Performance of Electricity Distribution Companies in Nigeria, Journal of Public Administration and Governance, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 190-203, 2017.
Onochie U. P., Egware H. O., and Eyakwanor T. O. The Nigeria Electric Power Sector (Opportunities and Challenges) Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology, Vol. 2, Issue 4, pp. 494-502, 2015.
Kayode Olaniyan, Benjamin C. McLellan ID, Seiichi Ogata and Tetsuo Tezuka. Estimating Residential Electricity Consumption in Nigeria to Support Energy Transitions. Sustainability, 10, 1440, pp. 1-22, 2018. doi: 10.3390/su10051440.
Browse journals by subject