Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2020, Page: 43-50
The CSP (Concentrated Solar Power) Plant with Brayton Cycle: A Third Generation CSP System
Huseyin Murat Cekirge, Mechanical Engineering, City College of New York, City University of New York, New York, USA; Mechanical Engineering, New York University, Brooklyn, USA
Serdar Eser Erturan, Mechanical Engineering, City College of New York, City University of New York, New York, USA
Richard Stanley Thorsen, Mechanical Engineering, New York University, Brooklyn, USA
Received: Jan. 28, 2020;       Accepted: Feb. 17, 2020;       Published: Feb. 26, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajme.20200601.16      View  262      Downloads  161
Abstract
The main goal of this study is that electricity unit price is lower than 6 cents (US) producing in a CSP (Concentrated Solar Power) plant. For this goal, the paper suggests an integrated facility with thermal energy storage. The plant includes heliostat area, air cavity receiver, gas turbine package (compressor, combustion chamber and generator), steam turbine and generator, heat exchanger, sensible thermal energy storage system and condenser. The process details are heated air through SIC (Silicon Carbide) air cavity tube receiver will be sent to the gas turbine (Brayton Cycle) and hot air from output of gas turbine will be source to heat exchanger to steam production. Steam from output of the heat exchanger will be supplied to the TES (Thermal Energy Storage) for its charging and second turbine (Rankine Cycle) for to generate electricity. Thus, the total efficiency of the plant reaches 55% during sunshine. Assumptions that is to calculate unit price are several schedules and interest rates for every year and amortization and taxation are ignored. With these assumptions, the paper's aim is achieving the goal with 5.7 US ¢/kWhe for 13 years return time, %3 interest rate without subsidizing.
Keywords
CSP, 3rd Generation CSP Plant, SIC, TES, Rankine Cycle, Brayton Cycle, CSP Tower Plant
To cite this article
Huseyin Murat Cekirge, Serdar Eser Erturan, Richard Stanley Thorsen, The CSP (Concentrated Solar Power) Plant with Brayton Cycle: A Third Generation CSP System, American Journal of Modern Energy. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2020, pp. 43-50. doi: 10.11648/j.ajme.20200601.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Cengel, Yunus A. and Boles Michael A., Thermodynamics, An engineering Approach, Eight Ed., McGraw Hill, 2015.
[2]
Kreith, Frank and Goswami, D. Yogi ed., Handbook of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, CRC Press, 2007.
[3]
Boerema, Nicholas, Morrison, Graham, Taylor, Robert and Rosengarten, Gary, High temperature solar thermal central-receiver billboard design, Solar Energy. 97: 356–368. doi: 10.1016/j.solener, 2013.
[4]
Law, Edward W., Prasad, Abhnil A., Kay, Merlinde and Taylor, Robert A., Direct normal irradiance forecasting and its application to concentrated solar thermal output forecasting – A review, Energy. 108: 287– 307, doi: 10.1016/j.solener.2014.
[5]
Law, Edward W., Kay, Merlinde; Taylor and Robert A., Calculating the financial value of a concentrated solar thermal plant operated using direct normal irradiance forecasts, Solar Energy. 125: 267–281, doi: 10.1016/j.solener.2015.
[6]
Haynes, William M., ed., CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, CRC Press, 2011.
[7]
Krenkel, Walter, ed, Ceramic Matrix Composites: Fiber Reinforced Ceramics and their Applications 1st Ed., Wiley VSH, 2008.
[8]
Mathiesen, B. V., Lund, H., Connolly, D., Wenzel, H., Østergaard, P. A., Möller, B., Nielsen, S., Ridjan, I., Karnøe, P., Sperling, K. and Hvelplund, F. K., Smart Energy Systems for coherent 100% renewable energy and transport solutions, Applied Energy. 145: 139–54, doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.
[9]
Henning, Hans-Martin and Palzer, Andreas, A comprehensive model for the German electricity and heat sector in a future energy system with a dominant contribution from renewable energy technologies—Part I: Methodology, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 30: 1003–18. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2013.
[10]
Herna´ndez-Moro J. and Marti´nez-Duart J. M., Analytical model for solar PV and CSP electricity cost: Present LCOE values and their future evolution, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 20 (4): 119-32, 2013.
[11]
Aldersey-Williams, J. and Rubert, T., Levelised cost of energy – A theoretical justification and critical assessment, Energy Policy, vol. 124, issue C, 169-179, 2019.
[12]
Dale, M. A, Comparative Analysis of Energy Costs of Photovoltaic, Solar Thermal, and Wind Electricity Generation Technologies. Appl. Sci., 3, 325–337, 2013.
[13]
Joskow, Paul L., Comparing the Costs of Intermittent and Dispatchable Electricity Generating Technologies, American Economic Review, 101 (3): 238-41. doi: 10.1257/aer.101.3.238, 2011.
[14]
Cekirge, H. M. and Erturan, S., Modified Levelized Cost of Electricity or Energy, MLOCE and Modified Levelized Avoidable Cost of Electricity or Energy, MLACE and Decision Making, American Journal of Modern Energy, 5 (1): 1-4, doi: 10.11648/j.ajme.20190501.11, 2019.
[15]
Thomas, J., 6 Cents Per kWh: World's Largest Solar Project Unveiled, Energy, Renewable Energy, https://www.treehugger.com/renewable-energy/6-cents-per-kwh-worlds-largest-solar-project-unveiled.html, August 14, 2006.
[16]
Geuss, M., Solar now costs 6¢ per kilowatt-hour, beating government goal by 3 years, SCIENCE, https://arstechnica.com/science/2017/09/solar-now-costs-6-per-kilowatt-hour-beating-government-goal-by-3-years/, 9/13/2017.
[17]
World’s largest hybrid solar/thermal plant is switched on in Burkina Faso, https://www.mining.com/web/worlds-largest-hybrid-solar-thermal-plant-switched-burkina-faso/, 19 March 2018.
[18]
Soria, R., Portugal-Pereira, J., Szklo, A., Milani, R. and Schaeffer, R., Hybrid concentrated solar power (CSP)–biomass plants in a semiarid region: A strategy for CSP deployment in Brazil, Energy Policy, Volume 86,, Pages 57-72, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2015.06.028, November 2015.
Browse journals by subject