Volume 6, Issue 4, August 2020, Page: 77-83
Characterization of Benzene Samples Taken from Different Areas in Sudan Using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)
Sufyan Sharafedin Mohammed Dawod, Department of Physics, College of Science, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
Nafie A. Al Muslet, Department of Physics, College of Science, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
Ahmed Abubaker Mohamed Taher, Department of Physics, College of Science, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
Received: May 28, 2020;       Accepted: Jun. 20, 2020;       Published: Nov. 4, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajme.20200604.11      View  46      Downloads  25
Abstract
Protecting the environment from all types of pollution is a key issue, especially air pollution in particular, because of that, the ecosystem as a whole is under threat. Sudan is one of the vast African countries, covering an area of about one million square miles, and suffering from air pollution. One of the causes of this pollution is the large number of cars and factories that use gasoline. Car exhausts and factory nozzles emit kinds of gases such as carbon monoxide, lead, sulfur and other gases that contribute to air pollution. Due to the large volume of use of gasoline in cars and factories, the low quality of purification and treatment leads to the production of gases that are extremely harmful to the environment. Therefore, it is necessary to examine and determine the components of benzene used in Sudan. The technique of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy was used to characterize the benzene samples taken from different regions, and the results showed that they contain carbon and hydrogen that are the main component of benzene, in addition many elements harmful to the environment such as (Pb, Hg and Zn), which can cause cancer diseases, and can also cause great harms to animals, plants and soil.
Keywords
Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, Benzene, Protecting the Environment, Pollution, Sudan
To cite this article
Sufyan Sharafedin Mohammed Dawod, Nafie A. Al Muslet, Ahmed Abubaker Mohamed Taher, Characterization of Benzene Samples Taken from Different Areas in Sudan Using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), American Journal of Modern Energy. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2020, pp. 77-83. doi: 10.11648/j.ajme.20200604.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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